This section gives an indication of population densities in the Towamba valley in the latter half of the 1800's and early into the 1900's. From the first selection of land by J.Walker Jnr., clearing and selecting by settlers gradually increased the valley's population.
Population numbers and some place names have changed dramatically over the century.



(All spelling in these articles are as in the original document.)

IN THE BEGINNING.......

'Launceston Advertiser'
7 March 1839

New Squatting Act.
-We are at length enabled to lay before our readers the heads of the bill which will be laid before the Legislative Council at its ensuing session -the late hour at which we arrived at the necessary information compelling us to postpone our remarks thereupon for the present. It is proposed that any unlicensed person occupying Crown Lands, within the limits of location, shall be liable to a penalty of £10 for the first offence, £20 for the second offence, and £50 for every subsequent offence. The same restrictions to be applied to land beyond the district, after a day to be named. Any person cutting, splitting, sawing, or removing any timber, the produce of Crown Lands, whether within or without the boundaries, to be liable to the same penalty. Any person forging or altering any lease or document from the Government on the subject, to be transported for seven or imprisoned for four years. Any Justice before whom any person holding a license shall be convicted of any offence, rendering him unfit to hold a license, may declare the license to be void; and if, within ten days, the party does not quit possession of the land lie occupied under the license, the Commissioner of Crown Lands is to take possession of the same, with the improvements, and expel such person therefrom, and drive off and impound any cattle there may be thereon. Every licensed person, occupying Crown Land, to make a quarterly report of all stock on the said land, with full particulars of the proprietorship, brands, &c. The Crown Lands adjacent to and beyond the limits for each aforesaid, shall be divided into districts, and for each district some fit and proper person, being a Justice of the Peace, and not holding any stock or lands in his own or any adjacent district, shall be appointed, who shall be called the Commissioner of Crown Lands, and so many men, mounted, armed and accoutred as he may deem necessary, as and for a border police, to be under the orders of and attached to the said Commissioner. It shall he the duty of each Commissioner to be constantly within his district, except when unavoidably absent therefrom for temporary and necessary purposes in the performance of his duty, under the proposed Act, or under process of any competent Court in the Colony, that he shall make perambulations of his district, and visit the several stations therein, as occasion may require; and that as often as any complaint shall be made to him by any such licensed person, that any disputes have arisen, he shall, being so required, visit such stations and enquire into the matter of such complaint, and shall, being so required to do by the parties, or either of them, in writing, hear and finally determine the matter of the said complaint; and that he shall fix and determine the boundaries between parties occupying lands as aforesaid, where it can be conveniently done, and that he shall enregister every such determination, and shall and may enforce the same by removing the stock of any licensed person so found, and determined by him to be encroaching as aforesaid in the said district; and that he shall and may remove, and impound the cattle of any unlicensed person within the district. Whenever the Commissioner of any district shall consider the circumstances of any emergency to require it, he may summon and call to his assistance such and so many persons within his district, mounted and armed in such manner as he shall require to attend upon and aid him in the suppression of any attack or aggression which he shall have reasonable grounds for believing to be contemplated, or which shall be in course of commission, by or against any person whatsoever, in or near to his district, and for the purpose of pursuing and bringing to justice any person whom he shall have reasonable cause to believe to have committed any felony; and that every person so summoned and attending shall be allowed five shillings a day during the time he shall be necessarily in attendance upon the Commissioner; and that any person who shall refuse or neglect to do or perform, any lawful act which the said Commissioner shall require him to do or perform, he shall for every such offence forfeit and pay the sum of £5, and if he be the servant of another, he shall also forfeit any wages which may be due to him for the time he shall be absent from his employment, in and about his trial for such offence; and being a felon under sentence of transportation, he shall be deemed thereby to have committed a misdemeanour, and shall be punished accordingly. The Commissioner and those under his orders to be entitled to receive rations at any station upon payment of a sum to be fixed annually by the Justices, any person refusing to supply them to forfeit £5. A pound to be appointed to each district and the provisions of the Impounding Act to be declared applicable. Every licensed person to deliver to the Commissioner a list of the persons employed by him. Every licensed person to have a distinct brand, and every person coming into the district whose brand shall be the same as the brand of any other persons, to alter the same within one mouth, or pay five shillings for every beast branded therewith. The Commissioners to destroy all unbranded beasts one year old. One penny to be paid as a tax for every sheep, three half pence for every head of cattle, and for every horse kept beyond the boundaries. When any person shall refuse or neglect to pay the same, the Commissioner may levy on the cattle or sheep. All sums levied under this Act, to be applied to the support and establishment of a Border Police. The Act 2 Victoria No. 19 to be repealed. There are many details in the Act which we have not alluded to, but the above are the principal provisions.- Herald, Feb 9.

'The Sydney Morning Herald'
30 September 1845

AUCKLAND (Parish of) - 46. 50 acres, at Yuglamah, on the Towamba River, between Moneroo and Twofold Bay. Upset price £1per acre.

Claims to Leases of Crown Land
Colonial Secretary's Office,
Sydney, 30th September, 1848

'Sydney Morning Herald' No date. [Perkins Papers]:
Claims to leases of Crown Lands beyond the settled districts are published under the name of Deas Thomson and calls for objections, if any, to be lodged…
72: Imlay, George, Bega (20,000 acres)
73: Imlay, Peter, Cobargo (400 acres)
74: Imlay, Peter, Murrah (1,000 acres)
75: Imlay, Peter, Double Creek (10,000 acres)
143: Walker, William, Kameruka
145: Walker, William, Yacklama (50, 760 acres
146: Walker, William, Tuambo (35, 200 acres) (Tuambo probably Towamba)

Maneroo District

No. 143
Walker. William
Name of run - Kameraka
Estimated Area - 192,640 Acres
Estimated Grazing Capabilities - 6,400 Cattle, 20,000 Sheep
Northern boundary, commencing at the north-east point of the Bega river, where the Government reserve of 3 miles from the sea coast strikes that river, thence along the south side of the said river until it is joined by the Benbooka River; thence south along the Benbooka River 2½ miles to the Bomlara old hut creek; thence crossing the river in a north-west direction to Bombara old hut and yard; thence in a similar direction along a dividing range to the north-east point of Numbugga fence, about 6 miles; thence along the north side of the said fence 3 miles to base of the Maneroo dividing range; western boundary, commencing at the north-west point of the Numbugga fence running south along the base of the Maneroo dividing range, round the base of the Benbooka Peak; thence north-west until it joins the road going up Nimitybelle Mountain from Benbooka; thence south round the base of the Maneroo dividing range to the road going from Tantawangala to Hibberd's Inn; southern boundary, from the road going from Tantawangala to Hibberd's as above, continuing in an east direction round the base of a branch of the said Maneroo dividing range past Woolumba Peak 2 miles or thereabouts to the west side of the sea coast range; eastern boundary, along the west side, commencing from the south-east point of the southern boundary as above, in a northerly direction along the base of the sea coast range, until it reaches the Government reserved line of 3 miles from the sea; thence north to the north-east point of the north boundary as above described; on the north boundary Mr. P. Imlay and Mr. McPhee are the occupants. The Maneroo range is the boundary on the south and west side, and the sea coast range on the east side.

No. 144
Walker. William
Name of Run - Stockyard
Estimated Area - 12,800 Acres
Estimated Grazing Capabilities - 3,000 Sheep
Northern boundary, commencing at a point about 2 miles north of the Stockyard old hut or Mataganah running in an easterly direction about 4 miles to the ranges; western boundary commencing at the north-west point of the above northern boundary running south-westerly and parallel with the Mataganah River for a distance of about 4 miles; southern boundary commencing at the south-west point of the above western boundary running easterly crossing the Mataganah River at a place where the road crosses from Mataganah or the stockyard to Yaclama; thence continuing easterly across the Honysuckle Flat Creek, and thence easterly for about 2 miles to the ranges eastern boundary commencing at the south-east point of the above south boundary, running north crossing the road from Panbula to the stockyard or Mataganah, to the north-east point of the north boundary as above described Mr. Benjamin Boyd, trespassing; on the north portion of the above run. No other near neighbours the boundaries being high mountains.

No. 145
Walker. William
Name of Run - Yacklama
Estimated Area - 5,760 Acres
Estimated Grazing Capabilities - 14,000 Sheep
Northern boundary commencing at the S.W. point of the south boundary of the stockyard, or Mataganah run, running E. along the said south boundary for a distance of about 4 miles; western boundary commencing at the N.W. point of the N. Boundary as above, running S.W. parallel with the Mataganah River, until the said line strikes the Towamba river, about 2 miles about the junction of the Mataganah and Towamba rivers; southern boundary commencing at the S. W. point of the W. boundary , running S.E. about 5 miles along the N. side of the Towamba River; eastern boundary commencing at the S.E. point of the S. boundary, run N.E. along and parallel with the Mataganah River until it strikes the N.E. point of the N. boundary on the N. is the Stockyard Run; on the W. Mr. Hibberd and Mr. Boyd's purchased land at Yacklama; on the south Mr. Hibberd; on the E. mountain ranges.

No. 146
Walker. William, Junior.
Name of run - Tuamba.
Estimated area - 35,200 acres.
Estimated Grazing Capabilities - 1,000 Cattle, 2,000 Sheep
Northern boundary commencing on the Tuamba River 2 miles or thereabouts, from Puricat Hut, running in an east direction about 4 miles toward the Jingerry Mountains, and from the same point on the Tuamba River in a west direction, until it runs into the Wag Wag ranges. Western boundary commencing at the north-west point of the above; north boundary running south nearly parallel with the Tuamba River, until its junction with the Wag Wag Creek, continuing along the south branch crossing the road from Towamba, to Mr. Lett's to rise of the said branch in the Wag Wag Mountains; thence south about 2 miles across the said mountains to the Puricat Creek, crossing that creek about 3 miles above the Puricat Old Hut, continuing south about 2 miles until joining the ranges. Southern boundary commencing at the south-west point of the above west boundary, running east round the base of the ranges to the foot of Mount Imlay; thence down both sides of the Towamba River for 6 miles or thereabouts; eastern boundary commencing at the S. E. point of the above south boundary running in a north-west direction, along the base of the ranges to the Jingerry Mountain, until joining the north-east point of the north boundary. N.B. - a large portion of the above ascribed run, is extremely mountainous and scrubby, and unavailable. Mr. Hibberd occupies the adjacent lands to the north divided by high ranges and Mr. Lett westward; mountains are on south and east sides.

December 19, 1859
'Illawarra Mercury '
Sturt
. - Notice was given on the 9th Inst., by the Department of Lands, that a site has been fixed upon for a village to be called Sturt at the undermentioned place, and that copies of the approved plan have been deposited for public information at the Surveyor General's Office, Sydney, and at the Police Office, Eden, viz Sturt, situated on the Towamba River, about 15 miles from Eden, on the road from Monaro to Eden.

'The Sydney Morning Herald'
Monday 3 September 1860

NEW MAP OF ROUTES TO KIANDRA.-We have just had laid before us a large, neatly lithographed outline map of the nearest routes to and from the Snowy River by way of Merimbula and Twofold Bay. It is published by Messrs. De Gruchy and Leigh, of Melbourne (having been obviously compiled from New South Wales and Victorian Government maps) and is deserving of the favourable attention of those desirous of possessing themselves of a reliable carte du pays for their guidance in journeying to the auriferous region of Kiandra in the approaching spring. Besides exhibiting the coast line from East Boyd to Bega River, this sketch (upon which the various road lines are conveniently distinguished by colours) also comprehends the whole extent of open forest country, and portion of the Maneroo table land lying between the coast and "Table Top" on the Snowy. The two principal road tracks, respectively converging from Merimbula and Eden to Bibenluke, are laid down with the creeks to be crossed, the elevations of the different eminences to be passed, and likewise the various distances, &c.; all of which cannot be but useful to intending travellers. The southern of these two roads - that from Eden to Kiandra - is set down as being not less than 159 miles in length. It commences at Eden, and then runs northward for about twelve miles, until it meets a short crossroad from Merimbula at Pambula, whence it turns off nearly due west over a hilly country, by Thomson's Inn, Windham, Mataganah River, Yuglamah, and up the course of the Towamba River, until it crosses the Great Range, a few miles east of the Dragon Inn, at Cathcart ;- from which place the line is continued westerly, for about eight or nine miles, to Bibenluke. The position of all the houses of accommodation on this road is more or less distinctly indicated by the map. The present more northerly line of road, from the coast to Kiandra - beginning Merimbula, and ending at Bibenluke - is stated by this man to be (in its whole extent) only 143 miles; - sixteen less than the other. This road is shown as running W.N.W., for the first six miles or so, after leaving the ferry, to a house of accommodation: near which this line is joined by a cross-road from Panbula. Passing on, in a more northerly direction, the track leads to the Wolumla dairy, twelve miles from Merimbula. From Wolumla to Bibenluke the direction of the road then varies considerably. It passes by the Twofold Bay Pastoral Company's stations, by (or very near to) Condala house, by Wilson's Inn, on Tantawangla Creek, over the mountain of that name, over some granite ranges beyond, and lastly over the great range near thirty-five mile tree. Thence the road trends nearly due west to Bibenluke. At this place (where, as it has been intimated, the Eden and Merimbula roads meet) the bearing at "Table Top," at Kiandra, is north 37 degrees west; and there are inns, houses of accommodation, and stores all along the road to the Snowy River, a distance of eighty-three miles. The map shows another and shorter route to the diggings from the Wolumla Dairy, on the Merimbula road, proceeding thence first to Kamaruka, six miles, and thence by a dray road to the foot of Nimitybelle mountain. The bearing of Nimitybelle from Kamaruka is west 36 degrees north, and there is a direct line to Nimitybelle and Kiandra, on which a new road is stated to be now making which will make the distance from Merimbula not more than one hundred and twenty miles. In the corner of the map is reduced sketch which accurately shows the position of the Snowy River diggings. From this it is made very apparent that the approach to the Kiandra diggings from the Sydney side is, in every way, the most convenient one, and especially as regards the comparative distance. The price of the map reasonable -one shilling - and it will doubtless command a ready sale.


October 2, 1860
'Twofold Bay and Maneroo Telegraph'
CROWN LANDS SALES.

Sales of Crown Lands will be held at the undermentioned place on the day stated.
EDEN (at the Police Office) on MONDAY, 12th NOVEMBER.-Suburban Lots. County of Auckland: 25 lots (2 acres to 3 acres 2 roods 25 perches) at Sturt, on the Towamba River, about 12 miles south-westerly from Eden, parish of Towamba, allotments 1 to 6 of section 1, 1 to 8 of section 2, 1 to 7 of section 3, 1 to 4 of section 4. (Upset price, £3 per acre.)-Town Lots. County of Auckland: 26 lots (2 roods each) in the village of Sturt, parish of Towamba, allotments 1 to 10 of section 7, 1 to 3 and 8 to 10 of section 8,1 to 10 of section 9. (Upset price, £8 per acre.) See Government Gazette, No. 177.

November 2, 1861
'The Sydney Morning Herald'
EDEN, TWOFOLD BAY.
[FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.]

OCTOBER 20.- Application having been repeatedly made to the Minister for Lands for eligible agricultural patches to be surveyed, has invariably been met with the reply that plenty of land has been surveyed, and is now open for selection, but not taken up; therefore, no more can be surveyed until that is disposed of. In this particular instance "Towamba," or Sturt, is alluded to, but perhaps the honorable the Minister for Lands is not aware of the reason. I will, therefore, endeavour to enlighten him and state the reason, viz., that the land surveyed is not worth 1s. an acre, and no doubt the surveyor into whose hands it was placed for surveying, acting under the influence of his intimate friends - the proprietors of a large squatting company, well known as the Twofold Bay Pastoral Association - has pronounced that no eligible land for cultivation exists in the Towamba district. For what reason? To oblige his friends, who hold Towamba under a squatters licence. I beg to challenge this surveyor on this point, and to say that if he was not so intent on obliging his friends, that thousands of acres in this selfsame Towamba, or Sturt, are suitable for the purposes applied for, but of course withheld, and reported as not eligible by this district surveyor and his friends, viz., the Mammoth Squatting Company of Twofold Bay. Hence the withholding of the lands from intending purchasers. So much for influence at headquarters.
Another instance of the influence of this said Squatting Company and their coadjutor, is that, having the fear of the Land Bill before them, and knowing that free selection cannot be made within two miles of any town or village, they have induced the Government to proclaim townships on their immediate runs, viz., Kameruka, Burbooka, &c., so that they will, in spite of Mr. Robertson's Land Bill, hold their stations quite secure. In fact, Mr. District Surveyor is now laying out a town on their Benbooka run, instead of, as generally thought, farms. They, well knowing that if measured for agricultural purposes their beautiful runs of Burbooka and Kameruka would be cut up and greedily purchased, as was the case with the farms sold at Bega on the 25th instant, a statement of which I hereunto annex, which ought to be a convincing proof to the Government that any really eligible land surveyed would always meet with bona fide purchasers. Certainly, not in scrub and ranges inaccessible.

Extract from: New South Wales Gazetteer and Road Guide
compiled by Robt. P. Whitworth. 1866

STURT (Co. Auckland), is a small agricultural village on the Towamba River, lying about 10 miles W. of Eden. Sandstone and tap rock.
Towamba (or Kiah) river (Co. Auckland) is an important stream, rising in the E. slope of the S. coast range, opposite Cathcart, and flowing in a E.S.E. direction into the S. arm of Twofold Bay, after a tortuous course of 40 miles through fine pastoral, and, to some extent, agricultural country. The township of Boyd stands near this river at its estuary, and it is fed by the Perica, Wog Wog, Jingo, and Matagana creeks. It drains, with these tributaries, an area of about 300 square miles. The geological formation is granite, passing into porphyry, and traversed by quartz dykes.

'The Bega Gazette and Eden District or Southern Coast Advertiser'
4 December 1873
APPRAISEMENT OF RUNS.

By the courtesy of the Commissioner we are enabled to furnish early intimation of the annual value placed upon fifteen runs in the Manaro District, appraised at Bega, 1st December, 1873. Mr T W. Harriott Commissioner of Crown Lands for New England, Clarence and Macleay Districts, acting as sole appraiser for each Run.
Bellowra - £30
Big Badger - £25
Bredbatowra - £10
Brogo - £12
Cobargo - £10
Dry River - £12
Kameruka - £10
Ketchancary - £20
Narira - £10
Towamba - £20
Stockyard - £10
Wauley Creek - £20
Wundella - £10
Yaclama - £12
Yourie - £18

'The Manaro Mercury, and Cooma and Bombala Advertiser'
Wednesday 1 March 1882

AT THE LAND OFFICE, EDEN.

On Wednesday, 8th March. Country Lots.- County of Auckland, parish of Nungatta.
Lot A, portion 13, 80 acres, on the left bank of Nungatta Creek and the road from Nungatta to Towamba, adjoining the south boundary of Alex. Weather head's portion No. 10 of 65 acres. Exclusively of a road 1 chain wide. Within the Towamba Gold Field, proclaimed 10th June, 1881, open to conditional purchase. Last offered 30tb May, 1877.
Lot B. portion 37, 80 acres. Lot C. portion 38. 4O acres Lots B and C are on the left bank of Nungatta Creek and the road from Genoa to Towamba, between Alexander Weatherhead's portions No. 36 of 80 acres and No. 39 of 80 acres. Exclusively of a road 1 chain wide. Within the Towamba Gold Field, proclaimed 10th June, 1881, open to conditional purchase. Last offered 28th November, 1877. Upset price. £1 5s. per acre.
On Wednesday, 22nd March, Country Lots.- County of Auckland, parish of Nalbaugh.
Lot A, portion 4, 40 acres, on the right bank of Wog Wog River, on the road from Towamba and Eden where it crosses the river, and about ½ mile south westerly from Charles Spears's conditional purchase of 40 acres. Exclusively of 6 road 1 chain wide. Within the Towamba Gold Field, proclaimed 10th June, 1881, open to conditional purchase. Last offered 23rd September, 1872. Parish of Coolangubra.
Lot B, portion II, 40 acres, on the right bank of Basin Creek, adjacent to the south boundary of John Hyde's conditional purchase portion No. 3 of 320 acres on the right bank of the Towamba River. Exclusively of a road 1 chain wide. Within the Towamba Gold Field, proclaimed 10th June, 1881, open to conditional purchase. Last offered 28th September, 1874. Upset price, £l 5s. per acre.

'The Manaro Mercury, and Cooma and Bombala Advertiser'
8 March 1882

AT THE LAND OFFICE, EDEN
.
On Wednesday, 12th of April. Country Lot- County of Auckland, parish of Kanoonah.
Lot A, portion 16. 119 acres, on the right bank of Towamba River and the road from Cathcart to Panbula, adjoining the north boundary of J. Spear's conditional purchase portion No. 15 of 69 acres. Exclusively of a road 1 chain wide. Forfeited conditional purchase of Jas. Spears. Within the Towamba Gold Field, proclaimed 10th June, 1881, open to conditional purchase. The up set price is exclusive of the value of improvements of £1 an acre. Last offered 7th Feb , 1877. Upset price, £2 5s. per acre.

'Freeman's Journal'
Saturday 9 December 1882
Towamba Land Sale. - From Bega we have received particulars of the sale of the Towamba Estate, conducted by Rixon and Macleod. The proceedings were commenced with a lunch and the business was started at 2 o'clock. Mr. Rixon enlarged upon the value and the advantages of the property, on its proximity to the port of Eden, and its well-known grazing capabilities. The first lot, 588 acres, was knocked down at £4 per acre to Mr. Jas. McPaul. 320 and 228 acres were sold at the same price, and 1200 acres on the west side of Perico Creek, a very superior lot, was sold at £7 to Mr. J. Alexander. On the whole satisfactory prices were obtained for all the lots, and some 2770 acres were passed in for private sale.


'The Bega Gazette and Eden District or Southern Coast Advertiser'
5 September 1883

Eden Land Office,
Thursday, 30th August.

JAMES SMITH, - P. Pericoe, 40 acres starting from southeast corner of James Albert Love's 40 acres, taken 21st June last, east south west and north to point of commencement.
John Thomas Alexander, - P. Pericoe, 40 acres, on Towamba run commencing at south west corner of 160 acres, taken by Franz Thelen, 30th Nov. 1876, running east south west and north to point of commencement.

December 1, 1883
'The Bega Gazette and Eden District or Southern Coast Advertiser'

* Stephen Hunt, parish of Pericoe, 300 acres, commencing at a point about a quarter of a mile north of the north-west corner of measured portion 41, to run north, west, (joining the southern boundary of 2o) south and east, to starting point.
* William Laing, parish of Towamba, 40 acres, commencing at south-east corner of C.P. surveyed block 23, to run east 10 chains, then north about 40 chains, and west to a tree marked 59, near Benjamin Beasley's selection.

'The Bega Gazette and Eden District or Southern Coast Advertiser'
27 August 1884

Eden Land Office.
August 14
.
Alexander Thomson, 40 acres, parish of Bimmil, adjoining the western boundary of measured portion 79.
Thomas Kerr. 40 acres, parish of Yuglamah, adjoining the northern boundary of measured portion 153.
Donald Laing, 40 acres, parish of Towamba, adjoining the southern boundary of measured portion 74.
August 21.
Felix Darragh, 50 acres, parish of Yuglamah, embracing all the vacant land between measured portions 84 and 103, and 80 acres taken 3rd May, 1883, and the Basin Creek.
Benjamin Beasley, 40 acres, parish of Towamba, bounded on the south by measured portion 40, on the west by measured portion 41, on the north by village of Sturt reserve, and on the east by Donald Laing's 40 acres.
John Ryan, 40 acres, parish of Towamba between measured portions 24 and 44, with frontage to Towamba River.
Stephen Hunt, 40 acres, parish of Pericoe, adjoining eastern boundary of 40 acres taken 5th June last, and the northern boundary of measured portion 41.

October 31, 1885
'The Bega Gazette and Eden District or Southern Coast Advertiser'

Thursday, October 8.
C.P. 86, Robert Goward, 40 acres, parish of Nullica, adjoining eastern boundary of portion 10, with frontage to Towamba River.
87, Edward Mitchell, 40 acres, parish of Imlay, adjoining eastern and southern boundaries of portion 24, with frontage to Towamba River.
88, John Alexander, 40 acres, parish of Pericoe, adjoining portions 48, 49, end 74.
Thursday, October 15.
C.P. 90, John Alexander, 108 acres, parish of Towamba, adjoining southern boundaries of portions 36 and 37, the western boundary of A. Falkner's 50 acres, and the eastern boundary of portion 13, parish of Pericoe.
91, John Henry Power, 40 acres, parish of Kiah, adjoining southern boundary of village reserve with frontage to Kiah River.
93, James Albert Love, senr., 40 acres, parish of Pericoe, adjoining southern boundary of portion 85, and the western boundary of 94.
C.L. 38. James Albert Love, senr., 160 acres, parish of Pericoe, adjoining southern boundaries of portion 94, and of selection of this date, and the western boundary of Smith's
Tuesday, October 20.
C.L. 40, John Alexander, 120 acres, parish of Towamba, south of selection No. 90, of 15th instant, and between Falkner's C.L. 16, applied for 11th August last, and Ryan's eastern boundary.
Thursday, October 22.
97, John Henry Martin, 40 acres, parish of Burrogate, adjoining portion 11, and selection taken 6th August last.
98, James Pike, 46 acres, parish of Mataganah, adjoining eastern boundary of portion 37, and the northern boundary of 150 acres selected 11th December last.

Extract from:
Geographical Encyclopaedia of New South Wales

by William Hanson. 1892

Counties, Towns, and Villages within the colony.
Auckland, a county bounded by Beresford and Wellesley on the W.; the dividing line of Victoria, S.; the South Pacific Ocean, E.; and contains 1,167,360 acres. It is about 60 miles in length, and 40 miles in breadth. The following places are within its boundaries:

Bega - Howe - Pericoe - Bemboka - Imlay - Puen Buen - Bimmil - Kameruka - Sturt - Bondi - Kanoonah - Tantawanglo - Boranda - Kiah - Tathra - Bowinda - Kocoboreeka - Towamba - Boyd - Mataganah - Victoria - Brebendowra - Meringo - Waalimma - Brogo - Mogila - Wallagaraugh - Bronte - Mokoreeka - Wallagat - Buckle - Morkerwah - Werriberri - Burragate - Mumbulla - Wolumba - Candelo Nalbaugh Wolumla - Cobra - Narrabarba - Wonboyn
Colombo - Nullica - Wyndham - Coolangubra - Numbugga - Yambulla - Eden - Nungatta - Yowaka - Genoa - Ooranook - Yuglamah - Gnupa - Panbula - Yurammie - Gooyan

This county is in the extreme S. of the territory, and adjoins that of Victoria. The rivers are the Brogo, Bemboka, Bega, Towamba, Panbula, and Genoa. The Brogo and Bemboka discharge their waters into the ocean at Tathra, and the Towamba into Twofold Bay. The mountains are Nungatta, Finlay, Mumbulla, Nimmitabil, Tennyson, Buckle, and Carlyle, and Yambulla and Wolumla Peaks.

'Dunblane' and 'Janco' homesteads, Burragate
'Dunblane' in background built by Alexander Binnie and 'Janco' in
foreground where Granny Binnie lived until she died in 1921.

November 21, 1908
'The Bega Budget'

* At Eden, on 7th December, the Land Court will take evidence and consider the disposal of any lands then vacant in the parishes of Buckle, Gooyan, Howe, Kiah, Narrabarba, Perico, Sturt, Towamba, Victoria, Wonboyn, Wallaraugh, and Yambulla, in the county of Auckland. Illustrative diagrams are exhibited at the office, Eden, and at the post offices of Towamba and Yambulla.

December 14, 1912
'The Bega Budget'
* Brown and D'Arcy report the sale of the lease of Towamba recreation reserve to Mr. Slattery at a satisfactory price.

'The Bega Budget'
3 October 1914

FOR SALE. Towamba.

* Towamba. 720 ACRES Freehold and 290 acres C.P. Land, known as Oaklands, subdivided into 5 Paddocks, 800 acres runs and cleared, well watered in all seasons, Good Homestead, and all necessary buildings for carrying on a dairy. Easy terms. For further particulars apply E. I. PELL, Auctioneer.

Excerpt from: COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA
STATE OF NEW SOUTH WALES

DIVISION OF EDEN - MONARO 1903

Towamba Polling-Place
Roll of persons entitled to vote under the Commonwealth Franchise Act of 1902.

SURNAME CHRISTIAN NAME SEX PLACE OCCUPATION
Arnold Eva F Towamba domestic duties
Arnold George M Towamba hotelkeeper
Arnold Sarah F Towamba domestic duties
Atkins Stephen M Towamba labourer
Beasley Benjamin M Towamba farmer
Beasley Caroline Mary F Towamba domestic duties
Beasley Florence Sarah Elizabeth F Towamba domestic duties
Beasley George M Towamba carrier
Beasley James M Towamba labourer
Beasley John M Towamba labourer
Beasley Joseph M Towamba labourer
Beasley Maria Margaret F Towamba domestic duties
Beasley Sarah Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Bennett Alfred James M Towamba farmer
Bennett Felix M Towamba farmer
Bennett Martha Mary F Towamba domestic duties
Binnie Albert M Towamba farmer
Binnie Alexander M Towamba farmer
Binnie Andrew M Towamba farmer
Binnie David M Janco Creek dairyman
Binnie Eliza Jane F Towamba domestic duties
Binnie James M Janco Creek dairyman
Binnie Jane Snr. F Janco Creek domestic duties
Binnie Jane Jnr F Janco Creek domestic duties
Binnie Margaret F Towamba domestic duties
Binnie Robert M Janco Creek dairyman
Binnie Sarah F Towamba domestic duties
Bollman Harmann M Towamba farmer
Bollman Rebecca F Towamba domestic duties
Brown Alexander M Towamba blacksmith
Brown Blanch F Sturt domestic duties
Brown Ethel Uginey F Towamba domestic duties
Brown George K. M Towamba labourer
Brown Marion May F Towamba domestic duties
Campbell George Snr. M Janco Creek dairyman
Campbell George Jnr. M Janco Creek dairyman
Campion Margaret F Towamba domestic duties
Campion William Edward M Towamba constable
Canty Annie F Towamba school teacher
Chamberlin Emily Alice F Towamba domestic duties
Chamberlin Stanley M Towamba farmer
Chapman Henry M Lyndhurst dairyman
Chigwidden Margaret Annie F Towamba music teacher
Clements Alice Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Clements Edward M Towamba farmer
Clements Eliza Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Clements Elizabeth Rebecca F Towamba domestic duties
Clements William M Towamba farmer
Dauson Thomas 11 M Towamba labourer
De Costa Alice Sarah Beatrice F Towamba domestic duties
De Costa Crace F Lyndhurst domestic duties
De Costa Henry M Janco labourer
De Costa James M Towamba labourer
Dickie Alice Jean F Towamba domestic duties
Dickie Hannah F Towamba domestic duties
Dickie James Thornborough M Towamba farmer
Dickie John Walker M Towamba labourer
Donnelly James M Towamba farmer
Donnelly Patrick M Towamba labourer
Doyle Dorothy F Towamba domestic duties
Doyle Roger Thomas M Towamba farmer
Driscoll Lucy Emaline F Boggy Creek domestic duties
Egan Kittie F Towamba domestic duties
Egan Maurice M Towamba dairyman
Egan Patrick M Towamba dairyman
Elton Amelia F Lyndhurst domestic duties
Geraghty Patrick Timothy M Towamba labourer
Gill Tessie Jean F Towamba music teacher
Greer Herbert Patrick M Towamba labourer
Greer Isabella Mary F Towamba domestic duties
Hartneady Berth Jane F Towamba domestic duties
Hartneady John M Towamba labourer
Hazelgrove Eliza Jane F Towamba domestic duties
Hazelgrove Robert M Towamba farmer
Heavens Llewellyn M Towamba labourer
Higgins Isabella Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Higgins Mary Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Higgins Robert M Towamba farmer
Higgins William M Towamba labourer
Hite Ada Catherine F Towamba domestic duties
Hite George Henry M Towamba storekeeper
Hite Isabella Mary F Towamba domestic duties
Hite Tom M Towamba storekeeper
Hite Tom Jnr. M Towamba labourer
Hyde Elizabeth F Towamba domestic duties
Jess James M Towamba farmer
Jess Jane F Towamba nurse
Jess Norah F Towamba domestic duties
Johnson Robert Henry M Towamba farmer
Johnson Mary Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Jones Alfred M Towamba mining registrar
Jones Robert M Towamba labourer
Keevers Herbert John M Towamba labourer
Keevers Joseph M Towamba labourer
Keevers Margaret F Janco Creek domestic duties
Keevers William M Towamba dairyman
Keevers Mary Ann F Towamba general servant
Kennedy Annie Helena F Towamba domestic duties
Kennedy Edward Walter M Towamba contractor
Kennedy Elizabeth Logan F Towamba domestic duties
Kennedy Jean Gertrude F Towamba domestic duties
Kennedy Patrick Sylvester M Towamba blacksmith
Kennedy Ophir M Towamba labourer
Kennedy William Francis M Towamba labourer
Kennedy William Francis Jnr. M Towamba dairyman
Keys Isabella Margaret Hills F Big Hill domestic duties
Laing Robert M Towamba labourer
Laing William Snr. M Towamba farmer
Lewis Mary Jane F Towamba domestic duties
M'Caffery Joseph M Towamba dairyman
M'Cloy Patrick M Towamba carrier
M'Donald Ada Florence F Towamba domestic duties
M'Donald Harriet F Towamba domestic duties
M'Donald Isabella Rankin F Towamba domestic duties
M'Donald James M Towamba farmer
M'Donald John M Towamba dairyman
M'Grath Edward M Towamba dairyman
M'Grath Elizabeth F Towamba domestic duties
M'Grath Jane F Big Hill domestic duties
M'Keachie William M Janco Creek factory manager
M'Leod Lucy F Towamba domestic duties
Mann Catherine F Towamba domestic duties
Mann David M Towamba farmer
Martin Elizabeth F Towamba domestic duties
Martin Emma Jemima F Towamba domestic duties
Martin George M Towamba storekeeper
Martin John M Towamba pensioner
Medlin Phillip M Towamba labourer
Mitchell Fanny F Towamba domestic duties
Mitchell Jane F Towamba domestic duties
Mitchell John Thomas M Towamba farmer
Moore Edward John M Towamba teamster
Moore Isabella F Towamba domestic duties
Parker George M Towamba labourer
Parker James Alfred M Towamba farmer
Parker Jessie F Towamba domestic duties
Parker May F Towamba domestic duties
Parker Samuel Snr. M Towamba farmer
Parker Samuel Jnr. M Towamba labourer
Parker Walter William M Towamba labourer
Piercy Sydney George M Towamba labourer
Pike James M Towamba farmer
Ramsey James M Towamba teamster
Ramsey ------------ F Towamba domestic duties
Rankin Eliza Jane F Towamba domestic duties
Rankin Hugh M Towamba dairyman
Richards Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Richards Robert Henry M Towamba miner
Roberts Ida Johanna F Towamba domestic duties
Roberts James Henry M Towamba farmer
Roberts John Charles M Towamba farmer
Roberts Margaret F Towamba domestic duties
Roberts Mary Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Roberts Mary Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Roberts Walter Patrick M Towamba labourer
Robertson Jane F Lyndhurst domestic duties
Robertson William M Lyndhurst dairy manager
Robinson Charles M Lyndhurst dairyman
Robinson Susan F Towamba domestic duties
Rossiter Charlotte F Towamba governess
Sawers Agnes F Towamba domestic duties
Sherwin Alice F Big Hill domestic duties
Slattery Emma Eliza F Towamba domestic duties
Slattery John M Towamba farmer
Solomon Florence Ann F Towamba domestic duties
Solomon Henry Herbert M Towamba teacher
Solomon Mary Ellen F Towamba domestic duties
Targett Eliza F Towamba domestic duties
Targett Henry M Towamba labourer
Targett Mary Jane F Janco Creek domestic duties
Tweedie Mary Jane F Big Hill domestic duties
Went Sarah Jane F Towamba domestic duties
Went Susanna F Towamba domestic duties
Whelan John M Towamba labourer
Whelan Mary Agnes F Towamba domestic duties
Young George M Towamba stockman
Young Isabella F Towamba domestic duties


Excerpt from: COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA
STATE OF NEW SOUTH WALES
DIVISION OF EDEN - MONARO 1903

Burragate Polling-Place
Roll of persons entitled to vote under the Commonwealth Franchise Act of 1902.

SURNAME CHRISTIAN NAME SEX PLACE OCCUPATION OF EACH ELECTOR LIVING
Allen Eliza Annie F Burragate dairymaid
Allen John M Burragate dairyman
Binnie Annie F Burragate domestic duties
Binnie Arthur M Burragate farmer
Binnie Herbert M Burragate farmer
Binnie Margaret Verona F Burragate domestic duties
Binnie Rovina F Burragate domestic duties
Binnie Sarah F Burragate domestic duties
Campbell Hugh M Burragate school teacher
Campbell Rosalind F Burragate domestic duties
Elton Charles Campbell M Deep Creek dairyman
Hyde Benjamin Alexander M Burragate labourer
Hyde John Snr. M Burragate labourer
Hyde John Jnr. M Burragate dairyman
Hyde Lilian F Burragate domestic duties
Hyde Margaret Alice F Burragate domestic duties
Hyde Mary Ann F Burragate domestic duties
Hyde Matilda F Scarlet's Corner domestic duties
Hyde Maud Jane F Burragate domestic duties
Julin Selina F Burragate domestic duties
Keys George M Burragate farmer
Kraustuyver Annie F Burragate domestic duties
Kraustuyver Henry M Burragate dairyman
M'Caffrey Maud Mary F Burragate domestic duties
M'Lean John Robert M Burragate school teacher
Martin Hannah Matilda F Burragate domestic duties
Moore Maria F Burragate domestic duties
Ramsey Ann Adamson F Burragate domestic duties
Ramsey James M Burragate farmer
Robinson Caroline Christina F Burragate domestic duties
Robinson Maragaret Jane F Burragate domestic duties
Robinson Sarah F Burragate domestic duties
Robinson William M Burragate dairyman
Russell Jane F Burragate domestic duties
Russell Thomas Henry M Burragate labourer
Ryan Mary F Burragate general servant
Sawers Charlotte F Burragate domestic duties
Sawers George Edward M Burragate labourer
Sawers James M Burragate dairyman
Sawers John M Burragate labourer
Sawers Mary F Burragate domestic duties
Shipway Helen Jane F Burragate domestic duties
Shipway Samuel Thompson M Burragate postmaster
Targett John M Burragate labourer
Targett William M Burragate labourer
Tindall Arthur James M Burragate dairyman
Tindall Janet Adeline F Burragate domestic duties
Tweedie William James M Burragate farmer
Yelds James Andrew M Burragate labourer



EXTRACTS FROM SAND'S SYDNEY & NSW DIRECTORY 1915
County Commercial Towamba

Dickie. J.M. & J.T. - Butchers
Hartneady. John - Store
Kennedy. W.F. - Blacksmith
McCoy. Charles - Towamba Hotel
Robinson. Alfred - General Store

Name Location Horses Cows Sheep Acres (Totals)
Binnie. Alexander 'Log Farm' Towamba 5 70 20 1400
Binnie. Herbert 'Jerusalem' Burragate
Binnie. Arthur Burragate
Binnie. D.& J. Burragate
Bruce. Ernest 'Rose Brook' Nangutta
Doyle. T.J. & R.N. 'Daisy Hill' Towamba 5 72 0 955
Johnson. Robert. H. 'Oakleigh' Towamba 2 84 0 760
Love. Thomas Pericoe 5 61 26 680
Walters. James 'Mountain View' Pericoe 6 4 122 800


EXTRACTS FROM SAND'S SYDNEY & NSW DIRECTORY 1921
County Commercial
Eden - 120 miles south by steamer direct; or rail to Cooma, then motor daily (Sunday excepted).
Court of Petty Sessions, Bega Quarter Sessions.

Eden Pastures Protection Board
Secretary: H.H.B. Grime, Bega.
Stock Inspector: H. Hessin, Bega.

PASTORAL

Owner Post Town Horses Cattle Sheep Acres (Totals)
Alexander. Robert Pericoe 8 51 0 600
Beasley. B.D. Towamba 5 58 0 575
Binnie. D.& D. Towamba 12 202 29 1700
Binnie. A. Burragate 4 56 15 610
Binnie. T.& R. Burragate 3 89 0 786
Doyle. T. & R. Towamba 5 40 0 1075
Johnson. F.W.F. Pericoe 2 0 101 721
Love. Mrs.L.M. Towamba 5 156 85 unknown
Roberts. J.C. Towamba 4 80 0 700


Pericoe - 224 miles south - Steamer to Eden.
Alexander. Alfred E. - Farmer
Ramsey. Francis - Farmer

Alexander. Horace E. - Farmer
Ryan. John M. - Farmer

Brownlie. Alexander - Farmer
Ryan. Joseph H. - Farmer

Elton. Charles C. - Dairyman
Umback. Hubert - Farmer

Johnson. Robert H. - Farmer
Walters. James - Farmer

Love. Wm. - Farmer
Wood. Richard - Farmer

McDonald. John - Farmer

Towamba - 298 miles south - Steamer to Eden, thence coach.
Nearest bank - Eden

Beasley. Benjamin - Farmer
Martin. George - Wine Merchant

Binnie. David - Farmer
Mitchell. John T. - Farmer

Bollman. Mrs. R. - Farmer
Parker. Samuel - Farmer

Clements. William - Farmer
Parker. Wm. - Farmer

Dickie. John T. - Farmer
Richards. Robert H. - Farmer

Doyle. Roger T. - Farmer
Roberts. John C. - Farmer

Duncan. Henry - Dairyman
Robinson. Alfred - General Store

Hartneady. John - Store
Slattery. John - Farmer

Love. Tom - Farmer
Smith. John T. - Farmer

McDonald. John - Farmer
Tindall. Arthur J. - Farmer

McLeod. Kenneth - Farmer